Shielding and Copper

This is part of my collection of engineering information on cabling and shielding. At the end of this page is a part of a collection of information on shielding and copper, enjoy. Below is information on Kleinbeck Engineering expertise in the area of cabling for the Audio Industry.

I began manufacturing and selling of audio products in 1974. In 1981 I began work on an AI system which included a digital recording and playback method for the analysis of engineering data in the audio frequency range, but this was not audio equipment. The work was associated with aerospace, DOD, and medical research and development. These were calibrated systems in an engineering lab, accuracy and reliability of data was paramount. My skill set and experience in digital recording/playback using calibrated systems is used to develop Kleinbeck Engineering products.

Kleinbeck Engineering uses what we refer to as a tube and conductor construct, which is an insulator tube with a conductor installed in the tube. Leaving the ends of the insulator tubes open creates a cable assembly with capacitance as a constant pressure function and sealing the ends of the insulator tubes creates a cable capacitance with a constant volume function. Sealing the ends of the tubes allows the use of a specialized gas or fluid sealed within the tube to alter capacitance of the tube and conductor combination. Using a tube with a large diameter relative to the conductor is using the area between the insulator tube and conductor within the insulator tube, which is either under a vacuum or is gas filled or is fluid filled, as a dielectric in the cable assembly. Sealing the tubes to hold the conductors in place has a mechanical advantage; it reduces the stresses seen at the connector inherent in a design with the tubes not sealed.

Our latest creations makes use of the Kleinbeck Engineering methods to enhance the signal conduction properties of each individual conductor wire and the cable assembly yielding a cable family of unprecedented performance and extremely low noise susceptibility. By applying the Kleinbeck Engineering methods to each individual conductor within a cable assembly, the unwanted noise transmission characteristics of a conductor can be reduced resulting in conductor assembly where the signal reaching the output connector more closely matches the signal that entered the input connector.

The shielding technology and the conductor technology are both part of a more complete signal protection technology. The basic shielding level is designed for RF and the design takes advantage of 40 years of engineering. The next level up is the magnetically shielded cable and is a broadband signal protection method which extends signal protection to extremely low frequencies, EMI and RFI.

Kleinbeck Engineering designs and manufactures the tooling used to create the cable parts and assembly our cables. New manufacturing methods have been developed to overcome the previous limits of cable design. We have developed new testing methods to ensure quality and to push the previous boundaries of cable design to new extremes. The connectors used are specifically chosen for their performance characteristics and their physical design characteristics. At Kleinbeck Engineering we are striving to put the art of cable design in the realm of science. The only way to produce cables of these designs, at this time, is by hand.

One of the design factors related directly to the performance of an interconnection cable is the impedance of the cable. The easy way to think of this, in general, is impedance attenuates a signal. Reducing the overall impedance of an interconnection cable in the range of interest is considered good practice by some engineers. The construct used allows the cable designer to reduce the capacitance of the cable. The construct also influences the inductance of a cable. The use of high purity conductor materials, manufactured by specific methods, allows for near theoretical ohmic resistance. The combination of these factors results is an interconnect cable with a low impedance. Low impedance along with appropriate shielding yields an interconnect with unprecedented performance at a price point.

The quality of the power entering into a system has a direct effect on the system performance. The typical power quality of a consumer usually has much to be desired. Designing a power cord that can improve the quality of the power entering a system is made easier by engineers experienced in power transmission, generator design and fabrication of power systems as part of the design team. Our engineering team has worked with several equipment manufactures in improving overall system performance starting with the power connection in a wide variety of industries since the 1980’s. We have packed our expertise in power conduction along with our shielding technologies into power cable designs with excellent performance characteristics at a price point.

We suggest to customers that are considering equipment and cable up grades that the cable upgrade be done first. The change in total system performance is often very dramatic with an upgrade to a properly designed and matching cable system. This usually leads to better equipment upgrade path with less stress on the consumer.

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